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Ethiopia has a population of more than 80 million people. Half the total population, or 40 million are women. In the country's long and protracted history, women have always been denied their full rights by successive repressive governments and considered as second-class citizens.

In 1995, the new Ethiopian Constitution legislated laws that have secured women equal rights as men. As a result of the Constitution's policies regarding women and legislation such as family law, Women's Development Programs and Women's Package, milestone achievements have been accomplished regarding the democratic rights of women.

One of the rights guaranteed for women is the right to organize in order to fight for their rights. The Ethiopian Women's Federation is a result of this struggle for women's empowerment. Different grassroots women's organization have become part and parcel of this movement. Some of this associations had existed for decades and other have been recently established.

Although the different associations established for different objectives, they have become united because of their overarching common purpose of fighting poverty and for the realization of democratic governance in Ethiopia. Together, they fight for the emancipation of women and uploading of their democratic and human rights.



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To bring about the establishment of a prosperous, democratic Ethiopia where Ethiopian women's rights are upheld and their participation is guaranted in the social, economic and political arenas.



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Bring about a nationwide women's movement that brings about concrete benefits and equality for women commensurate with the social responsibility they are burdened with. In this way, they can contribute towards the growth and transformation of Ethiopian society and the realization of good governance in the country.



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Objectives 1

Build the management capacity of the federation.

Objective 2

Ascertain that women in both urban and rural areas have access to education, health and other social services and get their fair share of accrued benefits.

Objective 3

Facilitate women's active participation in the development activities so that they are able to mitigate their economic problems and improve their lives.

Objective 4

Increase women's political participation.



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1. In Politics

a. Constitution (1987) Article 35 and others.

b. Women's Policy (1989)

c. Family Law (1992)

d. Women's development and transformation package (1998)

2. Increased participation of women in the federal and regional assemblies.

For instance in 2003 at the federal level, there are 170 women out of the 547 assembly (28.2%) where there was 2% in 1987.

3. In the judiciary, 27% of the membership are now women.

4. in Education,  in 2003 50% of the student population are women. the health sector

Women and children get all vaccinations free of charge in all rural areas and they are also getting pre-natal, pregnancy, pregnancy and post-natal care..

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